آخر تحديث - 2 ديسمبر 2020
Basic Instruments and Certain Documents (BISD) (K4602 . B36 and HeinOnline). This annual publication is the main source of GATT documents. It contains the text of the GATT agreements and amendments, the provisional protocol and annexes as well as other legal instruments (such as decisions, declarations, resolutions and other selected documents). The WTO considers the BIZD documents to be final. Unfortunately, it goes back several years. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) was the first multilateral free trade agreement. It first came into force in 1948 as an agreement between 23 countries and remained in force until 1995, when it joined 128 countries. It has been replaced by the World Trade Organization.
Unlike the ITO charter, the GATT did not need congressional approval. Technically, the GATT was an agreement under the provisions of the U.S. Reciprocal Trade Act of 1934. In 1986, the GATT negotiations of the Uruguay Round, responsible for revising and updating the provisions of the original agreement in the face of increased international trade and the globalization of the world economy, began. However, this part of the result was not authorized by Congress and the U.S. selling price was not abolished until Congress passed the results of the Tokyo Round. The results in agriculture as a whole have been poor. The most notable achievement was the agreement on a Memorandum of Understanding on the basic elements for the arrangement of global subsidies, which was eventually incorporated into a new international agreement on cereals. The Uruguay Round Agricultural Agreement remains the most important agreement in the history of trade negotiations for the liberalisation of agricultural trade. The aim of the agreement was to improve market access for agricultural products, reduce national aid to agriculture in the form of price-distorting subsidies and quotas, eliminate agricultural export subsidies over time and harmonize health and plant health measures among Member States as much as possible. Following the UK`s vote to leave the European Union, proponents of leaving the European Union proposed that Article 24, paragraph 5B of the treaty could be used to maintain a “stalemate” in trade conditions between the UK and the EU if the UK left the EU without a trade deal, thereby preventing the imposition of tariffs.
Proponents of this approach believe that it could be used to implement an interim agreement until a final agreement of up to ten years is negotiated.  In May 1963, ministers agreed on three negotiating objectives: agriculture was, for the most part, excluded from previous agreements, due to the existence of a special status on import quotas and export subsidies, with few reservations.