آخر تحديث - 11 أكتوبر 2021
“Stay in Mexico”: Instead of an agreement on safe third countries with Mexico, the Trump administration has been implementing its “stay in Mexico” policy since January 2019. The policy requires Central Americans seeking asylum to return indefinitely to Mexico while their claims are processed. The “Stay in Mexico” policy is a clear violation of both U.S. and international law, but the Supreme Court has allowed prosecution while its validity is being challenged in court. Although the United States has not signed an explicit agreement with Mexico, DHS has confirmed that Mexican asylum seekers will also be accommodated in people affected by agreements with other countries. We must continue to demand that the United States welcome migrants with compassion and respect the rights and dignity of all. Contact Congress today. Ask your members to do everything in their power to help refugees and protect asylum seekers. The agreements imply an obligation to develop the capacity of the asylum system in these countries, as both El Salvador and Honduras (such as Guatemala and Mexico) are unable to offer protection to groups seeking asylum in the United States, the majority of whom are their citizens. Section 102 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (IRPA) allows for the designation of safe third countries for the purpose of sharing responsibility for refugee claims. Only countries that respect human rights and offer asylum seekers a high level of protection can be designated as safe third countries. Lawyers for refugees who had been turned back at the Canadian border challenged the pact, saying the United States was not a “safe” country under President Donald Trump. The agreement could be a violation of U.S.
refugee protection law. In addition, Guatemala cannot be considered a “safe third country” due to a lack of infrastructure to assist large numbers of refugees. The United States has confirmed its intention to send Mexican asylum seekers to Guatemala, although the outgoing Guatemalan government refuses to allow the outsourcing of Mexican asylum seekers. In the past, two countries have negotiated agreements on “safe third countries” to better manage the influx of refugees and asylum at their borders. This agreement is signed on the premise that both countries can offer asylum to people in distress. This is not the case with the Trump administration`s agreements with Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras. If all of these agreements are implemented as planned, tens of thousands of asylum seekers traveling from the Northern Triangle to the United States will be arrested at the southern border of Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador or Mexico. And people who immigrate from outside the northern triangle must essentially apply for asylum from the south of the Border between Honduras and Nicaragua.
In November 2020, the Trump administration adopted a provisional final rule for the implementation of agreements with Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. Since then, the United States has deported Honduran and Salvadoran asylum seekers to Guatemala and returned at least 1,000 adults and children to the country. . . .